“Children are as independent as you expect them to be.” Maria Montessori

Children learn to look after themselves, others, their environment and develop the underlying skills necessary to work, live and enjoy life. Selfcare is often referred to as any activity of daily living. In childhood selfcare is primarily how we take care of our body. Children learn how to dress; brush their hair; clean their teeth; toilet; get ready for school; eat; prepare food; tie shoe laces; study; take out the rubbish; drive a car and hold down a job.

Children require adult support and supervision to learn how to look after themselves and become independent in these skills over time. Children need to be taught how to complete daily activities, learning these at different ages and stages of life. In some instances, children may have underlying issues that cause their selfcare development to be delayed and may require assistance and intervention to support them in being independent. You may wish to learn more about how and when to help your child learn to be independent and organised.

If you are concerned about your child’s development, then we encourage you to see a skilled member of our team. It is better to have your concerns addressed, than to wait and see, as early intervention is most effective.

Toileting

Learning independence with toileting is a milestone in any child’s life. Parents are always eager for their children to be able to take themselves to the toilet and have no accidents during the day or at night. Being able to toilet independently has many benefits for both child, parent and family life.

Learning to toilet involves the development of physical control over bladder and bowel function. It also requires the development of motor skills, language and social understanding. Toileting routines include learning to follow body signals; sit / stand; aim; pull clothing up/down; wipe; wash hands and tidy up as necessary. Hygiene management skills are extended further as adolescence occurs.

Toilet training is rarely a smooth process for any child and requires patience and persistence. For some children with developmental delay it can be expected that toilet training may be a longer and slower process. For children with specialised physical or developmental needs, adaptations to the toilet, toileting environment and toileting process may be required. Occupational Therapists are trained to assess the child and environment for specialised modifications and equipment.

Bedwetting is often a primary concern for parents of older children due to limitations it can place on children’s socialisation and attendance at school camps. Night time bladder control usually develops after day time dryness is achieved. The development of night time continence is related to the child’s bladder capacity and maturation of their sleep cycle. Bedwetting is common after the age of 5 years and often has a family history and hormonal influence on its development. Bedwetting is more common in boys than girls.

Our skilled team can provide information and strategies to assist you and your child to identify when they are ready to be toilet trained; manage the toileting process and develop supports to promote toileting routines. If you have any medical concerns related to the toileting process, child constipation or how your child uses their bladder or bowels please seek attention from your GP, CAFHS nurse or Continence Advisor.

 

Useful Information Links

https://childdevelopment.com.au/areas-of-concern/self-care/self-care-skills/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3CAzbrEis4Y

https://www.continence.org.au/news.php/257/toilet-training-a-matter-of-time

http://www.toilettime.com.au/index.php

Body Care

Everyday tasks of cleaning teeth, dressing, brushing hair and organising self to be ready for the day often require explicit teaching. Body care routines are some of the earliest routines and skills that children learn and build upon as they grow. Being independent in caring for ourselves has many benefits for both child, parent and family life. Some children are independent in these tasks at 5-6 years of age, others require assistance for longer and at different times in their life may need greater or lesser help or reminding. Undertaking these tasks requires motor coordination; planning; fine motor skills; motivation; understanding of language and social expectations.

For some children with developmental delay it can be expected that developing selfcare skills may be a longer and slower process. For children with specialised physical or developmental needs, adaptations to the bathroom; clothing; routines; selfcare environments and organisation of the selfcare process may be required.

Our skilled team can provide information and strategies to assist you and your child to identify concerns with selfcare skills; learn new ways to teach these skills and develop strategies and supports to assist your child to be more independent.

 

Useful Information Links

https://raisingchildren.net.au/babies/health-daily-care/dental-care/brushing-teeth

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/toothbrushing-children

Sleep

Sleep is a natural but complex process. It is an essential part of everyone’s daily routine. Sleep like diet and exercise, helps us to grow, stay healthy and to fight off illness. There is great variation in the hours of sleep an individual child requires each night and the amount of sleep required decreases with age. A new born body requires more sleep and assistance to sleep than a teenager. Body neurochemicals; bedtime routines; light levels; activity levels; noise levels; sleep environment; style of bed; family routines; child sensitivities and food intake all impact on sleep. Many parents report difficulties with their child’s sleep settling and patterns.

For some children with developmental delay it can be expected that establishing and maintaining sleep patterns may be a longer and slower process. For children with specialised physical or developmental needs, adaptations to the sleep setting may be required.

Our skilled team can provide information and strategies to assist you and your child to identify appropriate sleep requirements for their age; strategies to assist development of settling; sleep environments and sleep routines. At 1 Stop Occupational Therapists are trained in a specialised sleep assessment and training program called SleepWise. This program is offered in a group format depending upon demand. If you have any medical concerns related to your child’s sleep, such as breathing issues or continued wakefulness please seek attention from your GP, CAFHS nurse or Paediatrician.

 

Useful Information Links

https://www.sleepfoundation.org/articles/children-and-sleep

https://raisingchildren.net.au/school-age/sleep

latest news

Keep up to date wtith what is happening here at 1 Stop Health

Developing Minds Psychology and EducationI've made a video for 4-11 year olds about coping with Coronavirus challenges and worries. Making this video helped me cope with my own stress and anxiety this week. Perhaps we all need "child friendly" materials about this at the moment. This video is copyright free and able to be shared with whoever you think might find it useful. Click on the link below to go to the video (not the picture) Kirrilie
www.calmkidcentral.com/covid-19
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1st April, 2020

SA Housing AuthorityA new COVID-19 Relief Call Centre has been established to help people affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) emergency.

The Relief Call Centre can provide you with information and assistance, including access to personal hardship support, accommodation support if you are unable to achieve self-quarantining and accommodation for emergency services staff that are required to quarantine but unable to do so at home.

The Relief Call Centre is open to all South Australians to provide general support and referrals to other services as needed.

To contact the Emergency Relief Centre, phone 1300 705 336 or email housingrelief@sa.gov.au​.
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

Due to the Gov restrictions regarding groups under 2 people, our hip clinic has been cancelled until further notice.
Keep safe.
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

 

Comment on Facebook

Very sad..... what a great service it was. Hopefully back soon

What you should do.... COVID-19

What you should do.... COVID-19 ... See MoreSee Less

26th March, 2020

Developing Minds Psychology and EducationI've made a video for 4-11 year olds about coping with Coronavirus challenges and worries. Making this video helped me cope with my own stress and anxiety this week. Perhaps we all need "child friendly" materials about this at the moment. This video is copyright free and able to be shared with whoever you think might find it useful. Click on the link below to go to the video (not the picture) Kirrilie
www.calmkidcentral.com/covid-19
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

SA Housing AuthorityA new COVID-19 Relief Call Centre has been established to help people affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) emergency.

The Relief Call Centre can provide you with information and assistance, including access to personal hardship support, accommodation support if you are unable to achieve self-quarantining and accommodation for emergency services staff that are required to quarantine but unable to do so at home.

The Relief Call Centre is open to all South Australians to provide general support and referrals to other services as needed.

To contact the Emergency Relief Centre, phone 1300 705 336 or email housingrelief@sa.gov.au​.
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

Due to the Gov restrictions regarding groups under 2 people, our hip clinic has been cancelled until further notice.
Keep safe.
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

 

Comment on Facebook

Very sad..... what a great service it was. Hopefully back soon

What you should do.... COVID-19

What you should do.... COVID-19 ... See MoreSee Less

26th March, 2020

Developing Minds Psychology and EducationI've made a video for 4-11 year olds about coping with Coronavirus challenges and worries. Making this video helped me cope with my own stress and anxiety this week. Perhaps we all need "child friendly" materials about this at the moment. This video is copyright free and able to be shared with whoever you think might find it useful. Click on the link below to go to the video (not the picture) Kirrilie
www.calmkidcentral.com/covid-19
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

SA Housing AuthorityA new COVID-19 Relief Call Centre has been established to help people affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) emergency.

The Relief Call Centre can provide you with information and assistance, including access to personal hardship support, accommodation support if you are unable to achieve self-quarantining and accommodation for emergency services staff that are required to quarantine but unable to do so at home.

The Relief Call Centre is open to all South Australians to provide general support and referrals to other services as needed.

To contact the Emergency Relief Centre, phone 1300 705 336 or email housingrelief@sa.gov.au​.
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

Due to the Gov restrictions regarding groups under 2 people, our hip clinic has been cancelled until further notice.
Keep safe.
... See MoreSee Less

1st April, 2020

 

Comment on Facebook

Very sad..... what a great service it was. Hopefully back soon

What you should do.... COVID-19

What you should do.... COVID-19 ... See MoreSee Less

26th March, 2020

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